Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2018, Page: 144-148
Endogenous Perception of the Diversity of Taro (Colocasia esculenta) Cultivars Produced in Benin
Richard Mahouton Akplogan, Department of Genetic & Biotechnology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Gilles Habib Todjro Cacaï, Department of Genetic & Biotechnology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Corneille Ahanhanzo, Department of Genetic & Biotechnology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Serge Sètondji Houédjissin, Department of Genetic & Biotechnology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
Ernest Renan Traoré, Department of Biology & Plant Physiology, University of Ougadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Received: Sep. 22, 2018;       Accepted: Oct. 11, 2018;       Published: Nov. 1, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.jps.20180604.14      View  167      Downloads  7
Abstract
Taro is a staple in many southern countries and an ancient starchy crop consumed by more than 400 million people. Taro is a tuber crop which the endogenous knowledge is still poorly investigated in scientific research of Benin despite its importance in food security. This work aims to evaluate farmers' knowledge of diversity, production constraints, cultural practices for tubers conservation and the management of taro seed system through 15 villages in three townships in southern Benin. The methodology consisted of participatory research through individual and group interviews. Information such as production constraints, variety recognition criteria were taken into account by group. At the individual level, data relating to socio-demographic aspects (age, sex, socio-cultural group), the seed system, tuber conservation techniques were collected. The results revealed two (02) taro cultivars; pink-fleshed taro and white-fleshed taro. The recognition of criteria varied from one socio-cultural group to another according to the group age (P = 000). These criteria were leaf color, petiole color, tuber skin color and bud color. The selection criteria, seed availability and organoleptic quality of the cultivars varied with age (P = 0.000) and socio-cultural group (P = 0.002). These results can be directly used by a breeding program for the improvement of taro productivity in Benin.
Keywords
Colocasia Esculenta, Variety Diversity, Criteria of Preferences, Benin
To cite this article
Richard Mahouton Akplogan, Gilles Habib Todjro Cacaï, Corneille Ahanhanzo, Serge Sètondji Houédjissin, Ernest Renan Traoré, Endogenous Perception of the Diversity of Taro (Colocasia esculenta) Cultivars Produced in Benin, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 144-148. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20180604.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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